For trade in services, investment and e-commerce, a draft text of 7 July 2013 was leaked in March 2014 by the German newspaper “Die Zeit”. The leaked text contains seven chapters. In Chapter 1, Article 1 mentions the overall objective of a “better climate for the development of trade and investment,” in particular “liberalisation of investment and cooperation in the field of e-commerce.”  A form of transatlantic free trade area was proposed by Chancellor Angela Merkel in the 1990s and again in 2006 in response to the collapse of the Doha global trade negotiations. However, protectionism on both sides can be an obstacle to future agreements.   It was first launched in 1990, when, shortly after the end of the Cold War, the world was no longer divided into two blocs: the European Community (12 countries) and the United States a “transatlantic declaration”. This necessitated the sustainability of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, as well as annual summits, semi-annual meetings between ministers of state and more frequent meetings between politicians and senior officials. The United States and the European Union together account for 60% of global GDP, 33% of world trade in goods and 42% of world trade in services. There are a number of trade disputes between the two powers, but both depend on the economic market of the other, and disputes concern only 2% of total trade. A free trade area between the two countries would potentially be the largest regional free trade agreement in history and would cover 46% of global GDP.   U.S. investment in the European Union is three times higher than U.S.
investment across the Asian continent, and EU investment in the United States is eight times higher than EU investment in India and China combined. It is estimated that intra-company transfers account for one third of total transatlantic trade. The United States and the European Union are the main trading partners of most other countries in the world and account for one-third of global trade flows. Given the already low customs barriers (less than 3%) the aim is to remove non-tariff barriers in order for the agreement to be successful.  Former British Prime Minister David Cameron has said that critics of free trade should not use the National Health Service (NHS) to divert people`s attention and speak honestly about trade deals. The UK Department for Business, Innovation and Qualifications said TTIP provided adequate protection for the UK NHS.  The EU has trade agreements with these countries/regions, but both sides are now negotiating an update.