Culture (exchanges and other common programmes in the field of culture at large – education, science and technology, etc.). The lack of a mandate for the League of Nations to engage in educational issues has not prevented League members from showing interest in another framework for cooperation in this area, provided by the IBE. The IBE was founded in 1926 in Geneva as a branch of the training school of the University of Geneva (Jean-Jacques Rousseau Institute), one of the most important centers of the New Education movement in Europe, a centre of educational thought closely linked to the ideas of John Dewey and the Progressive Education Movement in the United States. Originally conceived as a non-governmental compensation centre for education research and documentation, the IBE revised its statutes in 1929 to allow governments to train their members, and it was soon discovered that there was widespread latent support for the creation of a kind of forum for national education policy makers to exchange views and experiences on the evolution of education in their respective countries. The Unesco Institute for Lifelong Learning (UIL) is responsible for various adult education agendas and has organised and organized events such as the Sixth International Conference on Adult Education (CONFINTEA), held in Brazil in December 2009 with the participation of 144 Member States, including Austria. The final document entitled “Belém Framework of Action” confirmed adult education as an essential element of the right to education and summarized the commitments made by Member States in the areas of policy, governance, funding, quality, participation and adult literacy. The Global Report on Adult Education and Education (GRALE 1, 2010, GRALE 2, 2013, GRALE 3, 2016) focuses on monitoring and implementing these recommendations. The other two contracts mentioned above should focus on certain categories of people considered to be particularly vulnerable and eligible. The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (1979) deals with education in Article 10. The provisions of this article are based in part on the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and an earlier UNESCO Convention (the 1960 Convention Against Discrimination in Education), but they list in detail specific conditions that States Parties apply to guarantee women “equal rights to men” such as “the same conditions of professional and professional orientation” , for access to education and for graduation in educational institutions of all categories ,… access to the same curricula, exams, teachers with the same qualifications of the same standard, and classrooms and equipment of the same quality,… eliminating a stereotypical view of the role of men and women at all levels and in all forms of education, as well as several other similar conditions.
On February 8, 2002, 168 states ratified the convention. For more information on the main networks and initiatives of Austrian and foreign universities, supported by the BMBWF, cf.