As the OAS was strongly anti-communist in its orientation, it suspended Cuba`s membership of the group in 1962; this country had declared itself a Marxist-Leninist in 1961. The OAS then supported the US-Pres. John F. Kennedy quarantined against the delivery of Soviet missiles to Cuba. In the face of Cuban attempts to undermine neighbouring countries, the OAS ordered trade sanctions and the breakdown of diplomatic relations with the country from 1964 to 1975. However, at the beginning of the 21st century, the OAS turned to the reintegration of Cuba into the group. In June 2009, OAS foreign ministers voted to lift Cuba`s membership suspension, but Cuba refused to join the organization. Subin grew up in Alief, Texas, a diverse community southwest of Houston. After studying economics and government at the University of Texas, Subin worked for four years in Washington, D.C., in the field of nonprofit communications.
He first worked for the Tahirih Justice Center, an organization of lawyers for migrant women fleeing violence, and for M-R Strategic Services, a consulting firm that serves non-profit organizations. Subin received his JD from the UC Berkeley School of Law, where he founded the Sustainability Team – Berkeley Law and was coordinator for students in economic and environmental justice and for the Berkeley Law Mindfulness Group. In addition to participating in various service and research projects during his time at Berkeley, he interned in communities for a better environment, the Center for Biological Diversity and the Natural Resources Defense Counsel. The Organization of American States is the main regional forum for political discussions, political analysis and decisions in Western Hemisphere affairs. The OAS brings together heads of state and government from nations across America to address hemispheric issues and opportunities. Together, they strive to develop cooperation between states and promote a common regional agenda for democratic governance, human rights, multidimensional security and sustainable development. The General Secretariat is the administrative backbone of the OAS and is chaired by a secretary general elected for a five-year term. The OAS most important political decision-making body is the General Assembly, which holds annual meetings at which Member States are represented by their foreign ministers or heads of state. The General Assembly controls the OAS budget and oversees various specialized organizations.
In the event of an attack or act of aggression within or between member states, the Permanent Council, composed of an ambassador from each Member State, acts as a provisional consultation body until all the foreign ministers of the Member States can meet. This consultation meeting of foreign ministers cannot be held without the agreement of two-thirds of the foreign ministers present. The General Secretariat and the Permanent Council are headquartered in Washington, D.C. After the end of the Cold War in the early 1990s, the OAS became more active in promoting democratic government in the Member States and became a leader in observing and monitoring elections to protect against fraud and irregularities.